The effects of colonialism and inner corruption almost drove this nation into the depths of poverty, but sweeping social and economic reform, innovation, work ethic, and sheer numbers have pushed India to emerge on the global stage as a super power.
The Indian subcontinent is self sustaining and produces enough water and natural resources to supply its robust population. Located along Eurasian and Afro-Asian sea-trade places India in a pivotal and profitable position. India's location leaves it poise to significantly advantage from the global shift to renewable energy. Located between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn place it in what's known as the Sunny Tropical Belt, and as the technology and infrastructure assimilate to solar energy, India will greatly benefit.
India has 17.9% of the world's population, and whats more is that due to it's high birth rate, roughly 65% of India's population is under 35 years of age. That means its 400 million plus strong workforce is greater than populations of America and Brazil combined. Across the world there are 35 million people, and in total India makes up for the largest English speaking/understanding population, even greater than America.
As of 2015 India boasts the world's fastest growing economy. India's is one of the world's leading producers of food - second only to China. Food production alone accounts for USD $69.4 billion of the Indian economy. It's currently ranked as the global #3 in terms of real GDP and with a growing manufacturing sector, some experts expect India to be #1 as soon as 2050.
India boasts a world class IT sector that many feel makes India a definite global technological super power, and a tourism sector that is starting to outperform the best of them worldwide. It's combination of culture, history, and innovation make it an attractive destination. It also has an inexpensive, yet world class medical system which attracts thousands of patients a year from all over the world. With a total armed forced of 2.5 million, India has the 3rd largest defense force, making it a formidable and influential power on the world stage.
While there is still a long way to go, if India's productivity rate continues to catch up with it's population and it's innovation, it is almost an inevitability that India will emerge as a world leader and a super power.